Student-Centered Learning Vs Teacher-Centered Learning

Student-Centered Learning Vs Teacher-Centered Learning

Many decades ago, there was a fierce debate about whether education should be teacher-centered or student-centered. When it comes to employing a teacher-centered pedagogical approach or student-centered, the answer is always the same: teacher center. In college, I was in teacher training classes, and the teacher was an active listener in a classroom in a dormitory. The teacher took the time to understand where each student was as an individual and then planned from there how to support and challenge the student. 3, 10, 11

In a centralized teacher classroom, the teacher may choose to teach students in a simple, familiar, and personally preferred way, but this may not work well for all students. In a student center classroom with personalized learning that is extremely student-centric, teachers could decide to teach each student in a way that is easy and familiar to him or her, and that proves to be the most effective at improving learning. Teaching and evaluation are linked in the same way, with students’ learning being continuously measured during teacher training. This requires teachers not only to teach but also to review frequent assessment data and meet with students to make the necessary changes to their curricula. 2, 15

Teachers can use technology to change the focus of traditional lectures – silent teaching to a student-centered approach. By creating a technology-friendly environment and gaining greater control over their own learning process, teachers can transform their classrooms from a teacher who is the center of attention to a student who is the center of attention. 6, 8

However, a student and teacher at the center of the lesson can look and feel very different from an external observer. Those who look will see it mainly as teachers-centered, but it can be day and night for students and teachers when they focus on helping students learn and their focus on themselves. Instead of turning the classroom into a classroom where the teacher is at the center, the inverted classroom model is based on how learning should take place and what information students need. 1, 3, 9, 15

This model, also known as teacher-centered learning, puts the teacher in a predominantly active role, while the students assume a more passive and receptive role. In teacher-centered learning processes, the teacher is at the center of the learning experience and plays an active role in the classroom, while the students are more likely to play a passive or receptive role. 0, 7 

By contrast, a student-centered approach shifts the focus of activity from the teacher to the learner. Student learning emphasizes the interests, abilities, and learning style of the students by placing them at the center of learning as individuals and not as a class as a whole. Students can use the content more actively than a teacher-focused approach. The teacher can present a variety of activities such as reading, writing, mathematics, or science, but not in the same way as the students, which in turn means that teachers play a more passive or receptive role in this student approach to learning. 0, 11, 13 

Student-Centered learning makes learning relevant and fun and gives even bored or frustrated students an incentive to keep trying. The students’ interest is at the heart of the lesson, and the teacher gives them a choice and a voice by finding ways to provide a learning experience that focuses on their values. In a student learning environment, the interests of the students are the focus – a phase in the learning process. 7, 12 

For this reason, student-centered learning (SCL) is becoming more and more a teaching approach. Kinesthetic learning is more focused on students than teachers when students have the choice of how to use movement to learn new information and new skills. Developing a student-centered learning environment is easier and more effective than the traditional teacher-centered approach. 5, 7, 15 

Pupil-centered learning means that pupils are more involved in the learning process than the teacher – centralized approach. Students lose interest in learning, which in turn leads to more effective learning. In contrast, student-centered learning encourages students to engage in any learning process, but this is not the case with learning in the Teacher Center, as the student’s experience and knowledge are not the focus. 4 

Student-centered learning is an attempt to change the content and the way we teach and learn, controlled by teachers – dominated by students. The learning of teachers – centered and learning – and the use of social media has led us to see the learning of learners in their own lives and how they perceive learning. 14, 16 

In student-centered learning, the teacher is still the authority figure in the classroom, but students accept their own learning. While teachers are still part of the teaching model centered on the student, they and students play an equally active role in the learning process. 3, 15 

In a teacher-centered classroom, the goal is that the teacher passes his knowledge on to the students. The difference between teacher-centered and student-centered classrooms is that when teachers act as facilitators, as opposed to teachers, the number of students increases – centered learning and a decline in learning in teacher centers. Both types of learning involve individual learning of the students, but in both types, teachers act as mediators of the classroom. Instead of expecting them to passively absorb the knowledge offered, they present the information more actively. 0, 1, 3, 9

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